research must urgently be brought into line with that
of other European countries, urges a recent report
published by Censis, the Italian Centre for Social
Studies and Policies.
In its annual report on Italy's
social situation, Censis compares the situation in
Italy in various sectors with that in other EU countries.
'The delay accumulated at national
level is considerable,' states Censis. 'We need to
act promptly and adopt political measures to install
more productive resources at the disposal of research
In Italy, Censis points out,
there are 2.82 researchers per 1,000 workers, compared
to a European average of 5.7. If one compares those
numbers with Japan (9.4 researchers for 1000 workers)
or Finland (13.8), the situation is even more dramatic,
In terms of the number of Italian
patents registered at the European Patent Office (EPO),
the average for Italy is 64.6 for one million inhabitants,
compared to a European average of 103.6.
Furthermore, adds Censis, Italy
spends 1.07 per cent of its GDP on research and development
(R&D), 0.91 per cent less than the European average.
When it comes to private funding for research, Italian
industry spends 0.57 per cent of its total added value,
compared to 4.78 per cent in Sweden, 2.55 per cent
in the US and 1.61 per cent in the EU.
Censis concludes by suggesting
a focus on nanotechnology, one sector where Italy
is doing well. Indeed, according to the first census
on nanotechnologies in Italy, published by Nanotech.It
and AIRI (Italian Association for Industrial Research),
there are 93 public organisations and at least 23
private companies working in this sector. Furthermore,
during the period 2000 to 2003, the number of researchers
working in this field was higher than 1,300, 245 patents
were delivered and 2,400 publications were published.
To read the full report by
Censis (in Italian), please visit:
further information on research in Italy, please visit:
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